Photo By Kare Lohse

ATTU, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA

“From Here You Can See Tomorrow”

Attu, the westernmost piece of American territory and largest island in the Aleutian

Islands’ Near Islands grouping, is nearly 1,100 miles from the Alaskan mainland and

750 miles northeast of the northernmost of Russia’s Kurile Islands, and 4,800 miles

from Washington DC. Attu is about 20 by 35 miles in size, the highest elevation being

2,946 feet (Attu Mountain), and until 1 August 2010 was the home of a small number

of U. S. Coastguard personnel operating a LORAN station. The western international

date line on average lies at the 180 degree line of longitude in the middle of the Pacific

Ocean. Attu's longitude is a bit more than 173 degrees, very close to the date line. The date line was drawn slightly

curved westward around Attu. Some rough calculations show Attu to be around 453km (or 281 miles) from the

dateline would it exist at the 180 degree longitude point. Therefore, if you are standing on Attu and look to the

west, you can in your mind at least see "tomorrow."

Attu was occupied on June 6th, 1942 by the Japanese, and was the site of some of the bloodiest fighting during

WWII  (second only to Iwo Jima) commencing on "D-Day," 11 May 1943. See the "Brief History" of the war in the

Aleutians by clicking on the "WWII" menu selection in the top menu. The battle of Attu ended 30 May 1943 with the

Japanese forces on the island having been annihilated, with only 28 prisoners captured by the Allied Forces.

The need for a LORAN station was deemed necessary on the southern most tip of Attu. The equipment to build the

station came out of Holtz Bay and was ferried on barges and landing craft to Baxter Cove located about one mile

east of the station. Bulldozers were used to cut a road from Baxter Cove to Theodore Point (see map) over which

the equipment was hauled. The construction began about November 1943 by a USCG Construction Detachment.

The main building consisted of five Quonset huts shaped like an "H" with connecting passageways. The

LORAN/Radio Shack was one Quonset hut located on the point next to a 400 ft cliff which dropped down to the

Pacific Ocean. The original commanding officer was a Lt. Jg Doster and one of the original crew members is Bob

Yeaton of MA. Several crew members who served during the period 1943 to 1947 held their first reunion in 1996 and

a second reunion in September 1998. A normal crew consisted of approximately 20 men and the tour of duty was

one year more or less. There are seventeen known members who make up the original survivors of the most

isolated station in the world. In 1960 the station was moved to Casco Cove, near the former Navy Base at Massacre

Bay. Later it was changed from a LORAN "A" to LORAN "C" and moved into a modern building at Massacre Bay. The

station was in operation and manned by a crew of 20 up until the 27th of August, 2010 when it was closed as a

result of government cost-cutting measures, and in recognition of the fact LORAN was now old technology with

GPS having taken its place. This was the only station on the island and the only human inhabitants. A book entitled

"Lonely in the Aleutians" by Dick Griessel was recently published giving detailed information about US Coast Guard

Unit 62, Theodore Point. Dick served there from 1945-1946. The book was a limited edition and presently not

available to the public. (The point of contact for men who served on Theodore Point during 1943 to 1947 is: Ardon W

"Smitty" Smith, 250 Stratford Way, Fayetteville, GA 30214 Phone 770-461-8834).

A radio program broadcast by KUCB at the time of Attu's closing can be heard at this link:

http://archive.kucb.org/news/article/alaska-coast-guard-says-goodbye-to-its-last-LORAN-station/

The weather on Attu is typical of Aleutian weather in general...cloudy, rainy, foggy, with occasional very high

winds. The weather becomes progressively worse as you travel from the easternmost islands to the west. On Attu,

five or six days a week are likely to be rainy, with hardly more than eight or ten clear days a year. The rest of the

time, even if rain is not falling, fog of varying density is the rule rather than the exception. The average rainfall is

around 40 to 50 inches throughout the islands, with the heaviest rains experienced during fall and early winter.

Attu war stories can be found on the "Attu War Stories" page. Photos of Attu during WWII can be found by selecting

the "Attu WWII" menu selection, while photos of Attu after the war can be found by selecting the "Post WWII"

menu selection.

Links to other Attu sites are located on the "Attu Links" page. If you find some that I don't have, I'd sure appreciate

it if you'd email them to me, as well as to let me know when existing links are found to be broken!

For additional stories of Attu from the  WWII time frame, go to the Shemya Homepage and select "Shemya

Mailbag." There are numerous stories at the Shemya Mailbag site, courtesy of Dan Lange, written by folks that had

been stationed on Attu (as well as Shemya) during War II.

George L. Smith

Attu's "Theodore Point"

UNIT PATCHES AND EMBLEMS OF ATTU

Online Since 13 Sep 1998 Last Updated: 11/16/2016
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